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Copyright protection first became an issue overseas in the 15th century with the invention of Gutenberg's letterpress machine. In Japan, a Bakufu (shogunate) system of exercising strict control on "Juhan" (pirated copies) seems to have started in the Edo period (1683 - 1868), but the adoption of a Publication Ordinance as a law in 1869 is said to formally mark the beginning of the Japanese copyright system. Later in 1899, the Copyright Law was enacted, combining the separate laws that had thus far been established to govern newspapers, photos, music, and books. This was a result of the Berne Convention, an international copyright treaty. The current copyright law was enacted in 1970.

The Intellectual Property Basic Law was enacted in 2002, advocating the adoption of national policies aimed at promoting international protection in the intellectual property field and strengthening competitiveness.

"The purpose of this Law is ... to secure the protection of the rights of authors, etc., having regard to a just and fair use of these cultural products, and thereby to contribute to the development of culture."

This is the opening statement of Article 1 of the Copyright Law. The law states that it is intended to secure "the just and fair use" and "protection" of copyrighted works, as well as to "contribute to the development of culture." Today's copyrights do not only apply to certain authors or companies that provide works to the world. This is an age in which all 100 million Japanese people are creators and users." On a worldwide scale, one might say it is an age of 6.5 billion creators and users.

The Japan Copyright Education Association (JCEA) was established to promote the just and fair use of copyrighted works in the educational arena while ensuring copyright protection.

A copyright belongs to the copyright holder of a copyrighted work. To use a copyrighted work, one must obtain the permission of the copyright holder who owns the rights to the work. The rights holder can be contacted relatively easily when it is a domestic corporation, or even an individual when they are working with a management organization. However, it can be difficult to find the appropriate contact information in situations where the rights belong to an individual who is not working with a management organization, or where the copyright holder is deceased and their rights have been passed on to another party. Even more work is involved for a co-authored or collective works. And the process becomes even more difficult if a rights holder is an individual who lives overseas. Finding a copyright holder can be a very challenging process.

JCEA has made it possible to contact rights holders promptly through its database and network of copyright holders. We can quickly search for a rights holder and negotiate for permission to use a work on behalf of a user.

JCEA is not a management organization. We are not a management company that represents the copyright holder, but instead try to serve as a bridge between the parties involved. We are therefore equipped to negotiate with all management organizations, corporations, and individuals.
The Intellectual Property Basic Law was enacted in 2002, and the government established the
Intellectual Property Strategy Headquarters in 2003. As Japan moves toward the status of intellectual property powerhouse, universities and other educational institutions will be placed in the position of having to explain and educate people about the definition of intellectual property.

JCEA is a non-profit organization that provides filing services for requests to use copyrighted works to promote the just and fair use of copyrighted materials in the educational arena. Today, we handle the copyright work related to educational materials and school newsletters for more than 200 junior high schools, senior high schools, and universities.

Service Growth (Educational institution)


2004 53
2005 108
2006 176
2007 179
2008 187
2009 203
2010 214

Our Aim
Improve understanding of copyrights among educational institutions
Provide copyright-related education
Promote the appropriate use of copyrighted works

Services and Activities


1. Provide consultations on copyright issues
2. Hold seminars on copyright education
3. Copyright Clearance Services
1) Handle rights for the secondary use of entrance exam questions.
2) Handle rights for the use of copyrighted works, such as educational materials (textbooks, workbooks),
by third parties.
3) Handle rights for the use of copyrighted works, such as e-learning materials, by third parties.
4. Conduct research on copyrights
5. Provide referrals to attorneys and other professionals

History
2002
-Apr
Ideas regarding the disclosure of entrance exam questions over the Internet are discussed with the Agency for Cultural Affairs, the Copyright Protection Association, and the newspaper companies.
  2003
Apr
  Begins engaging in copyright handling.
  2004
Jun
  Copyright processing work is continued by JCEA, which is established as a limited liability non-profit corporation.
  2005
May
  First educational copyright seminar (Osaka) is held.
  2005
Jul
  First educational copyright symposium (Osaka) is held.
  2005
Aug
  Head office is relocated to Kamakura.
  2006
Jun
  Second educational copyright seminar (Osaka) is held.
  2006
Sept
  Second educational copyright symposium (Osaka) is held.
  2006
Nov
  The Overseas Division is established, and JCEA begins filing request for the use of overseas copyrighted works.
  2006
Dec
  Third educational copyright symposium (Tokyo) is held.
  2007
Jun
  Third educational copyright seminar (Osaka) is held.
  2007
Aug
  Visits are made to CLA, PLA, BL, and OUP in the UK to facilitate negotiations with copyright organizations in the UK.
  2007
Sept
  Third educational copyright symposium (Osaka) is held.
  2008
Dec
  Third educational copyright seminar (Tokyo) is held.
  2009
Jan
  Osaka branch office is relocated to Nishiku Osaka.
  2009
Aug
  Visits are made to OUP and Heron in the UK to facilitate negotiations with copyright organizations in the UK.
  2009
Sept
  2009 educational copyright seminars (Nagoya&Osaka) are held.
  2009
Dec
  2009 educational copyright seminar (Tokyo) is held.
2010 Sept 2010 educational copyright seminars (Nagoya,Osaka&Fukuoka) are held.
2010 Dec 2010 educational copyright seminar (Tokyo) is held.
Office
Address : 5-19-9 Fueda, Kamakura, Kanagawa 248-0027, Japan
Tel : +81 467 38 1590
Fax : +81 467 38 1591